Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World.
The world is full of the highest beautiful mountains, and it is an interesting fact that the Top 10 highest mountains are located in Asia. There are approximately 109 mountains on this planet with elevations of 7200 meters above sea level. These snow-covered mountains attract numerous visitors every year.
Almost all mountains as stated in the list are located in the Himalayas and the Karakoram ranges to the west and south of the Tibetan plateau.
The majority of these mountains are located in China, India, and Nepal. Here is the list of the Top 10 Highest mountains, which describes the location, height, ranges, location, country, and interesting facts about them.
1. Mount Everest
Mount Everest is the marvelous and first highest mountain in the world above sea level. Mount Everest is located in Nepal with a height of 8848 meters in the Mahalangar sub-range of the Himalayas. The China-Nepal border runs across its summit.
It attracts many climbers from all across the world, including experienced mountaineers. However, it is the tallest mountain, it is one of the easier mountains to climb. But it still presents many climbing challenges for the mountaineers including weather, Khumbu Icefall, and sickness. As of 2019, over 300 people died on Mount Everest, many of whose bodies remain on the mountain. Yet it is the aim of many climbers in their life events.
The initial efforts to reach Mount Everest’s summit were made by British mountaineers. Because Nepal did not permit abroad visitors to enter the country at that particular time, the British made numerous attempts on the north ridge route from the Tibetan time.
2. K2 Mountain
K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest, at 8611 meters above sea level. It lies in the Karakoram range, in part of Gilgit- the Baltistan region of Pakistan, and is the highest peak in Pakistan. One out of four persons who have reached the summit dies trying. Therefore it is known as the “Savage Mountains” as it tries to kill you.
K2 is located on the China-Pakistan border and in the administered territory of the Kashmir region included in the Taxgoran Tajik Autonomous Country of Xinjiang. It was first reached by the Italian climbers Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni in 1954.
In times of warm weather, Ascents have almost been made in July and August. Although K2 is at a higher altitude, it is a dangerous peak, which is partly due to its inclement weather.
The third highest mountain in the world with an elevation of 8586m (28,169 ft) is Kangchenjunga. It lies between Nepal and India and is the highest peak in India. It exists with five peaks in India on the border namely Main, Central, and South, and the remaining two are named West and Kangbachen in Taplejung District, Nepal.
Until, 1852 Kangchenjunga was considered to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations based on various measurements in 1849, a conclusion was made that Mount Everest was the highest. In May 1955 a British team including Joe Brown and George Band made the first climb on Kangchenjunga.
Lhotse is the fourth-highest mountain in the world with an elevation of 8560 meters above sea level. So, the peak lies on the border between Tibet and the Khumbu region of Nepal. In addition to the main summit at 8516 meters above sea level, Lhotse Middle at 8414 meters, and Lhotse Shar at 8383 meters exist at the mountain.
Lhotse was first reached by the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, which also included two Austrians namely cartographer Erwin Schneider and Ernst Senn. The first climb on the main summit of Lhotse was made on 18 May 1956, by the swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger from the Swiss Lhotse. The Sepp Mayeral And Rolf Walter of Austria made the first ascent of Lhotse on 12 May 1970.
With regards to the fifth highest mountain in the world is Makalu with a height of 8485 meters above sea level. It is located in the Mahalangar Himalayas 19 km southeast of Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and Tibet autonomous region of China. Malaku is a four-sided pyramid shape.
An American team led by William Siri made the first climb on Malaku in the spring of 1954. The first ascent on Malaku was made by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition team led by Jean Franco.
In 1960-61 Sliver Hut expedition made the attempts ascent without oxygen but did not succeed in the two attempts. The main climbing routes on Malaku are South East Ridge and Northwest Ridge.
6. Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu is the sixth-highest mountain in the world with an elevation of 8188 meters above sea level. It is located in Nepal on the China-Nepal border. The mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. Nangpa is located a few kilometers and a glacier pass serves as the main trading point between Khumbu’s Sherpas and the Tibetans.
Cho Oyu’s height is measured at 26750 feet (8150 m) and at the time of the first ascent, it was assumed to be the seventh highest mountain on the planet, after Dhaulagiri at 8167 meters (26795 ft). It is known as being the easiest of the 8000 meters peaks to climb, in part due to the moderate slopes of the standard northwest ridge route.
In 1996 new measurements were made for Cho Oyu by the Government of Nepal Survey Department and the Finnish Meteorological Institute in preparation for the Nepal Topographicput the height at 8188 m, similar to the 26867 feet (8189 m) used by Edmund Hillary in his 1955 book High Adventure. The first climb on Cho Oyu was made on October 19, 1954, by Austrian Joseph Joechler, Herbert Tichy (Italy), and Pasang Dawa Lama (Nepal).
7. Dhaulagiri I
Discussing the seventh highest mountain in the world is Dhaulagiri, with a height of 8167 meters. It is located in Nepal and the initial climb to the summit was made in 1960 by a combined Swiss/Austrian/Napalese effort. In 1808, Survey suggested that Daulagiri was marked as the highest mountain in the world. The Dhaulagiri massif in Nepal extends 120 km (70 m)from the Kaligandki River west to the Bheri River.
There is a boundary line on the Dhaulagiri Massif on the north and the southwest by tributaries of the Bheri River and on the Southeast by the Myadgi Khola. As of 2007, there had been 358 ascents and 58 fatalities, which is a peak to a fatality rate of 16.2%.
It was registered as the world’s highest mountain until Kangchenjunga appeared on spot in 1838, after which Everest was officially declared number one in 1858. Between 1950 and 2006, 2.88% of the 2016 expedition team going above base camp on Dhaulagiri I died.
Coming to the eighth highest mountain is Manaslu with an elevation of 8163 meters (26781 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Manisri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal. Manaslu was first successfully reached in 1956 when Japanese climber Toshio Imanishi and Nepalese Sherpa Gyalzen made it to the peak.
The name Manaslu means “mountain of the spirit” and is derived from the Sanskrit word Manasa, meaning intellect or soul. After many successful attempts by the Britsh to Mount Everest before Edmund Hillary, Manaslu has been considered the Japanese mountain.
It is the highest peak in the Gorkha District and is about 64 km east of Annapurna. That summit offers different trekking options. The highest point reached along the trek route is the Larkya La with a height of 5106 meters (22966 ft). As of May 2008, Manaslu has been submitted 297 times with 53 fatalities.
9. Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest mountain on earth with an elevation of 8126 meters above level. The mountain is located in the Gilgit Baltistan region of Pakistan. It exists at the westernmost point of the Himalayas and is also the furthest west of all the world’s eight-meter peaks.
In 1953, the German/Austrian expedition team including, Hermann Buhl made the first ascent of Nanga Parbat. Nanga Parbat is a dangerous mountain to Climb and has the label of “Killer Mountain” by those who deal in nicknames. It is also locally called the Diamer which means “Huge Mountain”. The name Nanga Parbat is derived from the Sanskrit words Nangna and Parvati, meaning Naked Mountain when translated.
So, it flows more than 7 kilometers below the high point of the massif. As the cliff is situated in the south of the Indus River in the Diamer District of Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan Kashmir. Therefore, it has been Labeled Killer Mountain, for its higher number of fatalities.
Annapurna is the tenth-highest mountain on the planet. It has a height of above 8000 meters (Annapurna -8091 m). Annapurna is a massif in the Himalayas and it comprises thirteen peaks over 7000 meters (22966 ft) and sixteen peaks mountains over 6000 meters (26247 ft).
The massif is 55 kilometers long and is bounded by the Kali Gandaki Gorge on the west, the Marshyandgi River on the north and east, and Pokhara Valley on the south.
That mountain and the supporting peaks in the massif are some of the most difficult and dangerous mountains to climb. So, the fatality-to-summit ratio on Annapurna is terrifying too, estimated at 32%. It is situated in north-central Nepal and was first climbed in 1950 by a French expedition team led by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal.
The Annapurna Conservation Area is home to numerous world treks, including Annapurna Sanctuary and Annapurna Circuit. By March 2012, 191 summit ascents of Annapurna I Main and 61 climbing fatalities were made. By October 2014, at least 43 people were killed on Annapurna due to snowstorms which are considered Nepal’s worst-ever trekking disaster.