Top 10 Largest Forests in the World.
The survival of humans is necessarily dependent on the Forests. There are many Largest Forests in the world and they cover round about 31% of the world’s land territory. Whatever size the forests have, they have the greatest contribution to the well-being of our earth. Each forest has a unique combination of plants and trees of its own. Fungi, a diverse range of animals, mosses, insects people exist in forests.
We can only wonder how bigger the forests can get in their size. Therefore, it is no surprise that handsome amounts have to be spent to cover the square miles of the expensive forests. Moreover, forests prevent soils from being eroded and provide a balance for the animal populations. Forests are a source of oxygen for humans and so keep on giving constant reminders of how beautiful our earth is!
Below is the comprehensive list of the top 10 largest forests in the world and let’s see what specialties make them unique.
- Amazon Rainforest, South America
- Congo Rainforest, Africa
- Valdivian Temperate Rainforest, South America
- Kinabalu National Park, Malaysia
- Tongass National Forest, North America
- Daintree Rainforest, Australia
- Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Sri Lanka
- Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve, Costa Rica
- Rainforest of Xishuangbanna
- Sapo National Park Rainforest, Africa
1. Amazon Rainforest, South America
Amazon Rainforest or Amazonian Jungle is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It encompasses an area of 5,500,000 km and covers most of the Amazon Basin of South America. The major part of the forest is contained within Brazil having 60%, followed by Peru with 13%, and Columbia with 10%. The minor parts are contained in Ecuador, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Bolivia, and Venezuela.
It is estimated that Amazon covers 390 billion individual trees divided into 16000 species. Therefore, more than half of the planet’s rainforest is represented by Amazon. It also comprised the most biodiverse part of the tropical rainforest in the world. So, it is evident that significant variations have been made in the Amazon rainforest.
These changes were made on account of deglaciation subsequently over the last 21000 years. Numerous Parasites and vampires have dwelled in the forest which is the source of spreading the Rabies virus. So, there is also a risk of Malaria, Yellow fever, and Dengue fever in the Amazon region.
2. Congo Rainforest, Africa
The Congo rainforest is the world’s second-largest tropical forest in the region with the lowest deforestation rate of any other major tropical forest zone. The congo rainforests cover southeastern Cameron, the Republic of the Congo, the north, and the central Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has portions of southern and central Asia. So, it drains an area of 3.7 million square kilometers called the Congo Basin.
The forests have provided a broad belt of lowland tropical moist broadleaf forests. So, these broadleaf forests extend across the basin of the Congo River and its tributaries are in Central Africa. The Congo rainforest is famous for its high levels of biodiversity, with over 600 species of trees and 10000 animal species. Elephants, Gorillas, chimpanzees, Okapi, Leopards, Lions, and hippos are some of the known Residents of Congo.
3. Valdivian Temperate Rainforest, South America
The area in which the Valdivian rainforest is situated has high humidity on account of heavy rain. Moreover, It also leads to foggy weather due to its proximity to the coast. The tree is at about 2400 m in the northern part of central chile and descents to 1000 m in the south of the Valdivian region. So, due to such heights, the temperate forests were eventually replaced by Andean vegetation. The temperature here can reach 16.5 Celcius during summer, whereas in winter it drops down to 7 degrees Celcius.
4. Kinabalu National Park, Malaysia
In 1964, Kinabalu National Park was established as the first National Park of Malaysia. It is Malaysia’s first World Heritage Site formulated by UNESCO. It has more than 4500 species of flora and fauna, with 326 bird species and 100 species of mammals approximately.
The park is, therefore, situated on the west coast of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. It exists with an area of 754 square km and surrounds Mount Kinabalu which is the highest mountain on the island of Kinabalu. Mount Kinabalu therefore, has an elevation of 4095.2 meters.
The park attracts a huge number of visitors and climbers. Therefore, it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Malaysia and Sabah generally. UNESCO identified this site as a Centre of a Diverse range of Pants and a rich amount of species. These species are from China, Australia, the Himalayas, Malaysia, and the tropics of flora.
5. Tongass National Forest, North America
The Tongass National Forest is the largest forest in North America with an area of 16.7 million acres. It covers most of the area of the temperate rainforest. The forest is sufficiently remote to be home to many species of endangered and rare flora and fauna. It protects against climate change and absorbs around 8% of the pollution generated by global warming annually. The Tongass has the ability to save 10%-12% of carbon dioxide
But it is sad to say that deforestation and logging negatively impact the size and health of the forest. The United States Forest Service manages the Tongass, surrounds islands of the Alexander Archipelago, fjords and glaciers, and cliffs of the Coast Mountains. The glaciers of Tongass, however, attract a huge number of tourists to the jurisdiction. The forest has an extensive amount of bears and creaking fish such as Salmon.
The forest was established on September 10, 1907, and contains a wide range of Inhabitat species like otters beavers, humpback, and orca whales. So, the Tongass provides salmon species like a king, chum, red silver, and pink.
6. Daintree Rainforest, Australia
The Daintree Rainforest is located in the region of Queensland, Australia, north of Mossman and Cairns. The wet tropical rainforest is the old forest in the world that continually survives. Moreover, it is the largest rainforest on the Australian continent at 1200 square km. An Australian geologist and photographer named it the Daintree rainforest after Richard Daintree.
An amazing feature of the rainforest is that it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, the Reef Marine Park. So Daintree attracts many visitors and has become a favorite tourist spot around the globe. Climate changes, development of residential areas, and weed growth, however, give rise to problems in the ecosystem. The main rivers in the Daintree forest are the Mossman River, Bloomfield River, and the Daintree River.
Daintree rainforest was established in 1988 and the Saltwater Crocodiles and Southern Cassowaries are its main wildlife inhabitants. Daintree rainforest has a fewer amount of floral plants when compared with the other largest rainforests on the list.
7. Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Sri Lanka
Sinharaja Forest Reserve is situated in Sri Lanka and is considered a biodiverse hotspot. It has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Biosphere Reserve, So it has an international significance. Sinharaja forest has the most region of the Kalu Ganga and covers a small portion of northern Gin Ganga. The forest has a treasure of endemic species such as insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals including trees.
The rainforest covers an area of 36000 hectares ( 88,960 acres/ 360 square km). The rich forest is referred to as the “Lion Kingdom”. The Reserve receives a high appreciation because of its Biodiversity and significance to the island’s natural balance. Although it is small as compared to other National parks, it was still considered a living heritage due to the border of Galle Matara and Ratnapura’s three districts. The Prominent wildlife of Sinharaja is the Crested Dongo and the Green Pit Viper.
8. Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve, Costa Rica
The Santa Elena Cloud forest Reserve encompasses an area of 26000 acres. The forest has a covering of lush green fields of mosses, epiphytes flowers, and ferns on almost every tree. There are over 2000 plant species, 400 species of birds, 80 mammals species, about 100 amphibians, and reptiles, and numerous insects in the six ecological jurisdictions. The forest is elevated at a great height that it covers a canopy of clouds. Therefore, it is famous as “the terrain of the cloud forest”.
The clouds are, therefore, the resource of humidity for the forest and tremendously support a large number of plants. The forest is a marvelous reserve for what people learn from the Environment and can preserve. The town of Santa Elena is also very friendly and gives a signal of peace of its own. It offers an adventure of all kinds, so, it will lead you to support the locals there.
9. Rainforest of Xishuangbanna
The Rainforest of Xishuangbanna is located in the southwest part of Yunnan Province in the South of China. It has an abundance of tropical vegetation and is considered the tropics of rainforest in the world. The forest is a beautiful manifestation of flora and fauna. As scientists explored the 3500 types of flora and fauna. So, this forest is a precious one as per scientists. The rainforest encompasses ab area of 927 square miles and was established in 1959.
It has a very moist climate because the mountains surround the Natural reserve. The Lancang River system crosses the rainforest in many ways. The rainforest comprises many endangered animal species like Asian Elephants, Gibbons, and tigers of both India and China. It has over 5000 species of Vascular plants and contains 16% of China’s diverse range of plants. Moreover, we cannot deny its importance to China as it provides birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.
10. Sapo National Park Rainforest, Africa
Sapo National Park is situated in southwest Liberia, Sinoe Country. It covers an area of 1804 square km and is the only national park in the country. The average level of relative humidity in the forest is estimated at 91%. The weather here remains dry in January and December and the wettest months are May and August. The rainfall becomes decreased in the mid of July and that period sometimes extends into August.
So, the dry season lessens the waters in rivers and creates risks for waterfalls. It is the second-largest park in West Africa. Elephants, Hippopotamus, African golden rat, African grey parrot, Monkeys, Bee-eaters, Crocodiles Monkeys, etc are the animal species of the rainforest. The rainy season can, however, result in a rise in the levels of the river at more than 4 m (13 ft).